Lab Members Fred Ausubel  Curriculum Vitae

FREDERICK MICHAEL AUSUBEL

BIRTH DATE:
   September 2, 1945

CITIZENSHIP:
   U.S.A.

PRESENT POSITIONS:
   Professor of Genetics, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School. 
   Molecular Biologist, Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital. 
   Staff Scientist, Shriners Burns Institute.

EDUCATION:
   1.   Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Ph.D. in Biology, 1972.
   2.   University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois. B.S. in Chemistry, 1966.

RESEARCH EXPERIENCE:
   1.   September 1, 1982 to present: Molecular Biologist, Department of Molecular
         Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Professor of Genetics, Harvard Medical School.
         Molecular genetics of nitrogen fixation genes; molecular genetics of Arabidopsis thaliana;
         molecular genetics of host-pathogen interactions.
   2.   September 1, 1975 to August 31 1982: Assistant and Associate Professor
         of Biology, Department of Cellular and Developmental Biology, Harvard University.  Molecular
         genetics of nitrogen fixation genes in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Rhizobium meliloti.
   3.   January 1, 1974 to September 1, 1975: Research Fellow, Harvard University and Universities
         of Leicester and Sussex. Molecular genetics of nitrogen fixation genes; Somatic cell genetics
         of Arabidopsis thaliana.
   4.   1972 and 1973: Instructor and Research Associate, M.I.T. Molecular genetic analysis
         of nitrogen fixation genes in Klebsiella pneumoniae.
   5.   1966 to 1971: Graduate Student, M.I.T. Purification and properties of bacteriophage
          lambda integrase. Thesis supervisor: Dr. Ethan Signer.
   6.   1964 to 1965: Undergraduate Senior Thesis, University of Illinois. Purification and
         properties of borneol dehydrogenase. Thesis Supervisor: Dr. I.C. Gunsalus.

AWARDS AND HONORS:
   1.   Graduation with Highest Honors from the University of Illinois, 1966
   2.   National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship (1966-1971)
   3.   The Sterling Hendricks Memorial Prize, Awarded by the United States Department of
         Agriculture for Contributions to Agricultural Science, August 27, 1984
   4.   Elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences, 1994.
   5.   Elected to membership in the American Academy of Microbiology, 1994
   6.   Marsho/Schwartz Lecture, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, August 29, 1995
   7.   Gottlieb Memorial Lecture, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, October 22, 1996

TEACHING EXPERIENCE:
   1.   1972-73: Biology 7.011, Introductory Biology Laboratory, M.I.T.
   2.   1975-82: Advanced Seminar Courses in Plant Molecular Biology, Molecular Genetics,
          and Nitrogen Fixation, Harvard University.
   3.   1975-82: Biology 11, Plant Physiology, Harvard University.
   4.   1982: Biology 7A, Introductory Biology, Harvard University.
   5.   1983/84: Biological Chemistry 208, Harvard Medical School. Seminar course in selected
          topics in molecular biology.
   6.   1984-85: Genetics 204, Harvard Medical School. Plant Molecular Biology Seminar
   7.   1986-87: Genetics 205, Harvard Medical School. Introduction to Genetic Principles
   8.   1992-93: January Proposal Course, Harvard Medical School
   9.   1993:  Genetics 330, Proposal Writing Course
10.    1994 to 1997:  Genetics, Embryology and Reproduction:  HMS New Pathway Course for
         Medical Students

SUMMER TEACHING:
   The first Plant Molecular Biology course at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor,
   New York, June 6 - June 26, 1981. Repeated, June 12 - July 2, 1982.

EDITORIAL BOARDS:
   1.   Journal of Bacteriology (5/1/84 to 12/31/91).
   2.   Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (1987-1994). Editor-in-Chief 1992-1994.
   3.   Annual Review of Genetics (1987&8209;1991).
   4.   Current Protocols in Molecular Biology (1986 to present).
   5.   Current Biology (1993-1995).
   6.   Genes to Cells (1995 to 1998).
   7.   Current Opinion in Plant Biology (1998- present).
   8.   Genome Biology (1999 – present)

PANELS, STUDY GROUPS, COMMUNITY SERVICE COMMITTEES, AND REVIEW COMMITTEES:
   1.   World Food and Nutrition Study. National Academy of Sciences (1976).
   2.   USDA/NSF Panel on Recombinant DNA (1977-1978).
   3.   USDA Competitive Grants Program, Nitrogen Fixation Panel (1980-1981).
   4.   USDA Competitive Grants Program, Nitrogen Fixation Panel (1985).
   5.   Life Sciences Research Foundation, Postdoctoral Fellowship Program (1983-1986).
   6.   USDA Competitive Grants Program, Biotechnology Panel (1985).
   7.   Site Visitor for the New York State Board of Regents Doctoral Review Program (1984).
   8.   NSF Plant Biology Postdoctoral Fellowship Program (1987 and 1989).
   9.   National Institutes of Health, Genetic Basis of Disease Study Section (1988-1992).
10.   NSF Eukaryotic Genetics Panel (1989, 1991).
11.   Harvard University Milton Fund (1989-present).  Chairman from 7/1/93.
12.   Arabidopsis Biological Resource Center review committee, 1991-present.
13.   North American Arabidopsis Steering Committee 1992-1994.  Chairman 1994
14.   Chairman, Sainsbury Laboratory Review Committee Chairman (1993).
15.   Boyce Thompson Institute Review Committee (1993).
16.   NSF Plant Genome Panel (1998).
17.   Chairman, Sainsbury Laboratory Review Committee Chairman (1998).

GRANTS AWARDED:
   1.   NSF Genetic Biology: "Transfer of Functioning Nitrogen-Fixing Genes from
         Bacteria to Plants"; 10/1/75-9/30/76; $150,700.
   2.   NSF Genetic Biology: "Characterization of Nitrogen-Fixing Genes in Klebsiella
         pneumoniae
"; 8/15/78-1/31/81; $190,000.
   3.   NSF Developmental Biology: "Characterization of the Rhizobium Cell Surface
         Components"; 9/1/78-12/31/81; $150,000.
   4.   USDA: "Sequencing Nitrogenase Genes from Rhizobium meliloti and Klebsiella
         pneumoniae
"; 6/27/79-6/30/81; $75,000.
   5.   USDA: "Molecular Biology of the Petunia Nuclear Genome"; 11/15/80 - 11/14/81;
         $40,000.
   6.   FMC Corporation: "Development of Gene Transfer Systems for Plants" 11/16/80-11/15/81;
         $235,000.
   7.   NSF Genetic Biology: "Molecular-Genetic Characterization of Nitrogen Fixing
         Genes in Klebsiella pneumoniae"; 7/1/81-12/31/84; $180,000.
   8.   NSF Developmental Biology: "Molecular and Developmental Genetics of Symbiotic
         Nitrogen Fixation"; 7/1/81-12/31/84; $204,635.
   9.   USDA: "Biochemical and Genetic Approaches to the Characterization of nif
         Gene Products" 7/1/81-6/30/84; collaborative effort with Professor W.H. Orme-Johnson
         of M.I.T.; $l27,500.
10.   NIH: "Barrier Functions of the GI Tract in Health and Disease"; Program
         Project Grant - Core C, Molecular Biology; 4/1/89-3/31/93.
11.   USDA: "Regulation of the Arabidopsis thaliana Chalcone Synthase Gene";
         9/1/90-8/31/92; $100,000.
12.   USDA: "Use of Genomic Subtraction for Cloning Plant Genes"; 8/1/91 - 7/31/94; $150,000.
13.   NIH RO1 GM48707 01-04: "Genetic Analysis of the Plant Defense Response";
         1/193-12/31/96; $378,221.
14.   Shriners Burns Institute: "Use of a plant model to identify P. aeruginosa
        
virulence factors important in burn wound infections"; 1/1/93-12/31/93; $66,129.
15.   NIAID IA 25152: "Prevention of group B streptococcal infections in neonatal and
         infant populations"; 9/30/92-9/29/97; $62,500.
16.   Shriners Burns Institute: "Use of a plant model to identify P. aeruginosa virulence
            factors important in burn wound infections"; 1/1/94-12/31/97; $270,606.
17.   USDA: "Role of phytoalexins in plant disease resistance"; 7/1/94-6/30/96;
         $100,000.
18.   NSF: "A rapid and inexpensive whole-genome mapping method for Arabidopsis
         using CAPS". 7/15/94-6/30/96; $180,000.
19.   NIH P30 DK40561-01A3: W. Allan Walker, P.I., "Clinical Nutrition Research Unit".
         10/1/94- 9/30/99; $121,527
20.   Monsanto Company: "Use of plant disease resistance genes to genetically engineer
         the plant defense response".  02/01/95-1/31/00. $744,289.
21.   NIH RO1 GM48707 05-09: "Genetic Analysis of the Plant Defense Response";
         1/197-12/31/01; $587,905.
22.   Shriners Burns Institute: "Use of a plant model to identify P. aeruginosa
        
virulence factors important in burn wound infections"; 1/1/98-12/31/00; $367,808.
23.   National Science Foundation: "A rapid and inexpensive whole-genome mapping method
         for Arabidopsis using SNAPS (Single Nucleotide Amplified Polymorphisms), co-domainant
         ecotype-specific PCR-based markers"; 1/1/98-12/31/00; $273,626.
24.   Aventis,.SA: "Use of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa
         multi-host pathogen system to identify novel anti-infective targets"; 10/1/97-11/30/99;
         $414,785.
23.   NIH P30 DK40561-01A3: W. Allan Walker, P.I., Molecular
         Biology Core Facility for "Clinical Nutrition Research Unit". 10/1/99- 9/30/04;
         $229,497.

UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS WHO WROTE SENIOR HONORS THESES:
   1.   Adele Peskin. Genetic Regulation of the Nitrogen Fixation Genes:  Characterization of nifT
         Mutations. 1977.
   2.   Tom Jean. The use of in vitro hydroxylamine mutagenesis in order to generate mutations on
         amplifiable plasmids. 1978.
   3.   Adele Mitchell. Anther Culture and Haploid Production in Petunia spp. 1979.
   4.   Rebekah Zuckerman. Mapping of nodulation and nitrogen-fixation genes in Rhizobium meliloti
         by Tn5 Mutagenesis. 1982.
   5.   John Klingensmith. Identification and characterization of symbiotic nitrogen fixation genes in
         Rhizobium meliloti
downstream of nifA.1985.
   6.   Margaret Emy. Isolation and Cloning of Nodulation Genes from a Slow-growing Bradyrhizobium
         Strain that Nodulates Peanuts. 1986.
   7.   Margaret Asomaning. Functional Complementation of Rhizobium and Rhizobium sp. NGR 234 nodD
         Mutants by nodD Genes of Rhizobium meliloti. 1987.
   8.   Anne Lee Moon. Isolation of Mutations Influencing the Accumulation and Activity of Rhizobium meliloti nifA
         in E. coli. 1989.
   9.   Timothy Durret.  The Isolation and Characterization of two Arabidopsis thaliana Mutants Displaying
         Aberrant Defensin Expression. 1999.

FORMER GRADUATE STUDENTS:
   1.   Gerard E. Riedel, Ph.D. 1975-1981.  Senior Scientist, Genetics Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
   2.   Gary B. Ruvkun, Ph.D. 1977-1982.  Professor of Genetics, Harvard Medical School.
   3.   Rachel Skvirsky, Ph.D. 1975-1982.  Associate Professor of Biology, University of Massachusetts,
         Boston, Massachusetts.
   4.   Venkatesan Sundaresan, Ph.D. 1977-1982. Professor and Director, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology,
         Singapore.
   5.   David W. Ow, Ph.D. 1977-1983.  Senior Research Scientist, Plant Gene Expression Center, USDA
         Agricultural Research Service, Albany, CA.
   6.   Frans J. de Bruijn, Ph.D. 1979-1983.  Professor, MSU DOE Plant Research Laboratories.
   7.   William J. Buikema, Ph.D., 1979-1985.  Research Assistant Professor, Department of Molecular Genetics
         and Cell Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
   8.   Deborah Marvel, Ph.D., 1979-1986.  Not employed in science.
   9.   Christopher Earl, Ph.D., 1981-1986.  CE0, ATGC Corporation, Philadelphia, PA.
10.   Katherine Wilson, Ph.D., 1982-1987.  Senior Research Scientist, Australian Institute of Marine Science,
        Townsville, Australia.
11.   Mary Honma, Ph.D., 1984-1988.  Assistant Professor Botany, Duke University
12.   Eric Richards, Ph.D., 1983-1989.  Assistant Professor of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis.
13.   Dan Voytas, Ph.D., 1984-1989.  Associate Professor of Genetics, Iowa State University.
14.   Rhonda Feinbaum, Ph.D., 1983-1989.  Director, Molecular Biology Course, Massachusetts
        General Hospital.
15.   Eva Huala, Ph.D., 1983-1990.  Postdoctoral Fellow, Stanford University.
16.   Pablo Guevara, Ph.D., 1988-1993.  Medical Student, University of Massachusetts School of Medicine.
17.   Eric Schott, Ph.D., 1987-1993.  Postdoctoral Fellow, Johns Hopkins University.
18.   Elizabeth Rogers, Ph.D. 1992-1997.  Postdoctoral Fellow, Dartmouth University.
19.   Man-Wah Tan, Ph.D., 1993-1997.  Junior Fellow, Harvard Society of Fellows.
20.   Erik Hendrickson, Ph.D., 1988-1997.  Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard Medical School.
21.   Lisa Stevens, Ph.D., 1992-1998.  Postdoctoral Fellow, Univ. of Washington, Seattle.
22.    Sigrid Volko, Ph.D. 1994-1998.  Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard Medical School

FORMER POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS:
   1.   Kaaren Janssen. Associate Editor, Cold Spring Harbor Press.
   2.   Harry Meade. Senior Scientist, Genzyme Inc.
   3.   Stephan Miller. Senior Scientist, Biogen Inc.
   4.   Maureen Hanson. Professor of Biology, Cornell University.
   5.   Harriet Jane Smith. Program Manager, USDA Competitive Grants Office.
   6.   Sharon Long. Professor of Biology, Stanford University.
   7.   Lynn Zimmerman. Professor of Biology, University of Maryland.
   8.   Wynne Szeto. 1981-1984. Not employed in science.
   9.   Jonathan D.G. Jones. Senior Scientist, Sainsbury Institute, Norwich, England.
   10.   Kathleen Dunn. 1982-1985. Associate Professor of Biology, Boston College.
   11.   Naomi Lang-Unnasch. 1982-1985. Assistant Professor of Biology, University of Alabama,
           Birmingham, Alabama.
   12.   Bruce Burnett. 1983-1986. Molecular Biologist, Genetics Institute, Cambridge, MA.
   13.   Clive Ronson. 1985-1986. Professor of Microbiology, University of Otago, Dunedin,
           New Zealand.
   14.   B. Tracy Nixon. 1983-1987. Associate Professor of Biology, Pennsylvania State University.
   15.   Neil Olszewski. 1983-1987. Associate Professor of Botany, University of Minnesota.
   16.   Joanne Chory. 1984-1988. Associate Professor of Biology, Salk Institute, San Diego.
   17.   Craig Bloch. 1984-1988. Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Michigan
           Medical School.
   18.   Rebecca Dickstein. 1985-1989. Associate Professor of Biology, Drexel University.
   19.   Keith Davis. 1986-1989. Associate Professor of Botany, Ohio State University.
   20.   James Michel. 1986-1989. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
   21.   Lisa Albright. 1986-1989. Contributing Editor, Current Protocols in Molecular Biology.
   22.   Donald Straus. 1985-1990. Assistant Professor of Biology, Brandeis University.
   23.   Gisela Storz. 1989-1991. Senior Scientist, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.
   24.   Andrzej Koneiczny. 1987-1992. Scientist III, TKT, Inc., Cambridge, MA.
   25.   Tai-Ping Sun. 1988-1992. Assistant Professor of Botany, Duke University.
   26.   Xinnian Dong. 1988-1992. Assistant Professor of Botany, Duke University.
   27.   Jean Greenberg. 1989-1993. Assistant Professor of Biology, University of Chicago.
   28.   Guo-Liang Yu. 1990-1993. Senior Scientist, Human Genome Sciences, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD.
   29.   William Kubasek. 1989-1994. Staff Scientist, Praecis Pharmaceuticals., Cambridge, MA.
   30.   Kristin Wobbe. 1994-1995. Assistant Professor of Chemistry, Worcester Polytechnic Institute,
           Worcester, MA.
   31.   Fumiaki Katagiri. 1991-1995. Assistant Professor of Biology, University of Maryland,
           Baltimore County.
   32.   Jane Glazebrook. 1991-1995. Assistant Professor, Center for Agricultural Biotechnology,
           University of Maryland.
   33.   T.Lynne Reuber. 1992-1998. Senior Scientist, Mendel Biotechnology Inc., Hayward CA.
   34.    Jacqueline Heard. 1996-1998. Senior Scientist, Mendel Biotechnology Inc., Hayward CA.
   35.    Larry Ilag. 1993-1998. Patent Liason, Dupont Agircultural Products, Willmington, DE.
   36.    Sandy Wong. 1996-1998, Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard Medical School., Boston, MA.
   37.    Michael Mindrinos. 1989-1999. Senior Scientist, Stanford University Genome Center,
           Stanford CA.
   38.    Laurence Rahme, 1991-1999. Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School.

INVITED LECTURES:
      1.   Brookhaven National Laboratories. 10/20/76.
      2.   Yale University. 11/15/76.
      3.   Connecticut Agricultural Station. 3/29/77.
      4.   Boston College. 4/12/77.
      5.   University of Illinois. 10/11/77.
      6.   Washington University, St. Louis. 10/2/77.
      7.   Science and Public Policy Seminar, Harvard University. 3/2/78.
      8.   North Carolina State University. 3/15/78.
      9.   State University of New York, Albany. 3/24/78.
    10.   McGill University. 4/5/78.
    11.   Washington University, St. Louis. 4/10/78.
    12.   Duke University. 4/25/78.
    13.   University of Georgia, Athens. 10/7/78.
    14.   University of Chicago. 5/10/79.
    15.   Brandeis University. 8/7/79.
    16.   Kettering Foundation, Yellow Springs, Ohio. 11/14/79.
    17.   Carnegie Institution, Baltimore. 11/26/79.
    18.   Cornell University. 11/28/79.
    19.   University of Minnesota, St. Paul. 1/18/80.
    20.   Washington University, St. Louis. 1/24/80.
    21.   University of California, Davis. 2/11/80.
    22.   University of Oregon, Eugene. 6/24/80.
    23.   University of Oregon, Corvallis. 6/27/80.
    24.   Dupont. 10/20/80.
    25.   Temple University. 10/21/80.
    26.   Monsanto Fellows Program. 10/23/80.
    27.   Michigan State University. 11/3/80.
    28.   University of California, Berkeley. 11/26/80.
    29.   Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. 12/11/80.
    30.   Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. 12/18/80.
    31.   Haryana University, India. 12/19/80.
    32.   Barnaras Hindu University. 12/30/80.
    33.   University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester. 4/17/81
    34.   University of California, Berkeley. 7/8/81.
    35.   University of California, San Francisco Medical Center. 7/9/81.
    36.   Stanford University. 7/10/81.
    37.   University of Georgia. 10/28/81.
    38.   Kettering Foundation, Yellow Spring, Ohio. 11/12/81.
    39.   Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 11/19/81.
    40.   Massachusetts General Hospital. 11/20/81
    41.   University of Pennsylvania. 1/12/82.
    42.   Columbia University. 2/25/82.
    43.   Harvard Medical School. 4/13/82
    44.   Texas A&M University. 4/15/81
    45.   University of Connecticut. 4/22/82.
    46.   Centro de Investigacion sobre Fijacion de Nitrogeno, Cuernavaca, Mexico.
            4/26/82-4/30/82.
    47.   Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. 5/5/82.
    48.   University of California, Berkeley. 5/19/82.
    49.   Harvard Medical School, Department of Biological Chemistry. 11/1/82
    50.   Princeton University, 11/11/82.
    51.   Wellesley College, 12/6/82
    52.   Northeastern University, 1/5/83
    53.   University of Utah (Plant Molecular Biology Course) 2/7/83
    54.   MIT, Department of Biology, 3/8/83
    55.   University of Washington, Seattle, 4/12/83
    56.   University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, 4/14/83
    57.   Rockefeller University, 5/12/83
    58.   Cold Spring Harbor Plant Molecular Biology Course, June 15, 1983
    59.   Marine Biological Laboratory Physiology Course, Woods Hole, MA, 7/22/83
    60.   Yale University, Department of Biology, 10/12/83
    61.   University of California, Davis, CA, 2/1/84
    62.   Rocky Mountain National Laboratory, Hamilton, MO, 4/2/84
    63.   Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, 5/20/84
    64.   Sterling Hendrick's Memorial Lecture, ACS Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, 8/2 7/84
    65.   Carnegie Institution of Washington, Mini symposium on Plant Molecular
            Biology, Baltimore, Maryland, 11/8/84
    66.   University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 11/16/84
    67.   Duke University, 12/18/84
    68.   Dupont, Wilmington, DE, 3/1/85
    69.   Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 4/11/85
    70.   Rockefeller University, New York, NY, 5/28/85
    71.   Harvard Medical School Department of Genetics, Boston, MA, 9/24/85
    72.   Philip Morris, 10/9/85
    73.   Pennsylvania State University, College Station, PA, 10/10/85
    74.   Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, 11/13/85
    75.   MIT Microbiology Seminar Series, Cambridge, MA, 12/13/85
    76.   University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, 4/7/86
    77.   Washington University, St. Louis, MO, 4/9/86
    78.   Marine Biological Laboratories, Plant Molecular Biology Workshop, Woods Hole,
            MA 8/13/86
    79.   University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 11/14/86
    80.   Agricultural Research Service, Northern Region Center, Peoria, IL,
            1/27/87 & 1/28/87
    81.   California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 1/29/87
    82.   The University of Texas, San Antonio, Texas, 2/9/87
    83.   National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 3/9/87
    84.   Duke University, 3/27/87
    85.   University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, 4/20/87
    86.   Dana Farber Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, 5/19/87
    87.   Tufts Medical School, 4/13/88.
    88.   University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 6/8/88.
    89.   Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Seattle, WA, 6/7/88.
    90.   UCLA Department of Biology, 6/10/88.
    91.   Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole, MA. 8/15/88.
    92.   University of Georgia, Athens, GA. 12/7/88.
    93.   University of Massachusetts Medical Center, 4/7/89
    94.   University of Pennsylvania, 4/19 and 4/20, 1989
    95.   Ohio State University, 4/24/89
    95.   University of California at Davis, 5/19/89 and 5/20/89
    96.   Salk Institute, 6/9/89
    97.   University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, 10/26/89
    98.   New England Biolabs 2/22/90
    99.   Rockefeller University 10/5/90
  100.   Noble Foundation, 11/9/90, Ardmore OK.
  101.   Dupont, Wilmington, DE 2/22/91
  102.   University of North Carolina, March 27, 1991
  103.   University of California at Berkeley, April 19, 1991
  104.   University of Connecticut at Farmington, May 1, 1991
  105.   University of Pennsylvania, October 30, 1991
  106.   Stanford University, February 10, 1992
  107.   USDA Plant Gene Expression Center, Albany, CA, February 11, 1992.
  108.   Yale University, Department of Biology, New Haven, CT, April 15, 1992
  109.   Rockefeller University, December 3, 1992
  110.   Boston Virulence Seminar Series, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA,
            January 20, 1993
  111.   Interurban Clinical Club, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, MA, April 2, 1993
  112.   Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, September 23, 1993
  113.   Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO., November 17, 1993.
  114.   Northeastern University, Boston, MA, May 4, 1994
  115.   Salk Institute, San Diego, CA., May 25, 1994
  116.   Marine Biological Laboratories Physiology Course, Woods Hole, MA, July 7, 1994.
  117.   Brandeis University, July 13, 1994
  118.   Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Arabidopsis Course, July 18, 1994.
  119.   Rockefeller University, October 29, 1994
  120.   Duke University, November 8, 1994
  121.   Harvard Medical School Department of Microbiology, November 22, 1994.
  122.   Dartmouth University, January 13, 1995.
  123.   Cornell University, May 17, 1995
  124.   Marine Biological Laboratories Physiology Course, July 12, 1995.
  125.   University of Maryland, Baltimore County, August 29, 1995.
  126.   Washington University, St. Louis, MO, October 24, 1995.
  127.   University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, November 7, 1995.
  128.   Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, November 14, 1995.
  129.   Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, November 16, 1995.
  130.   University of Pennsylvania, September 26, 1996
  131.   Cornell University, October 9, 1996
  132.   University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, October 22, 1996 (Gottleib memorial lecture)
  133.   Ohio State University, November 9, 1996 (mini-symposium)
  134.   University of Arizona, December 9, 1996.
  135.   Tufts University School of Medicine, April 9, 1997.
  136.   University of California, Davis, November 3 and 4, 1997.
  137.   Brown University, February 17, 1998.
  138.   Univeristy of Vermont, February 20, 1998.
  139.   Univeristy of Massachusetts, Ahmerst, MA, May 2, 1998.
  140.   Hoechst Roussel Vet, Frankfurt Germany, June 30, 1998.
  141.   Scripps Instittue, La Jolla, CA, October 5, 1998.
  142.   Dartmouth University Symposium, October 9, 1998.
  143.   Yale University, November 4, 1998
  144.   Michigan State University, November 18, 1998.
  145.   University of California Medical Center (UCSF), April 13, 1999.
  146.   State University of New York at Albany, April 29, 1999.
  147.   Skirball Institute, New York University, May 14, 1999.

CONFERENCES AT WHICH INVITED LECTURES WERE PRESENTED:
      1.   Worcester Polytechnic Institute Symposium on Recombinant DNA. 11/9/76.
      2.   2nd International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation, Salamanca, Spain. 9/2/76-9/17/76.
      3.   Miami Winter Symposium on Recombinant DNA. 1/9/77-1/13/77.
      4.   American Society for Microbiology, Jackson Hole, Wyoming. 2/20/77-2/25/77.
      5.   Brookhaven Symposium on Genetic Engineering for Nitrogen Fixation. 3/13/77-3/17/77.
      6.   Plant and Cell Gordon Conference. 6/19/77-6/24/77.
      7.   Ottawa Biological and Biochemical Society Symposium on Recombinant DNA, Ottawa. 4/7/78.
      8.   3rd International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation, Madison, Wisconsin. 6/12/78-6/16/78.
      9.   Nutrition Foundation Annual Meeting, Naples, Florida. 1/9/79-1/12/79.
    10.   Plant Cell Gordon Conference. 6/18/79-6/22/79.
    11.   American Phytopathological Society, Washington, DC. 8/7/79-8/9/79.
    12.   Phytochemical Society of Europe, Sussex, England. 9/17/79-9/19/79.
    13.   Miami University on Recombinant DNA, Miami, Ohio. 11/16/79.
    14.   Cold Spring Harbor Workshop on Plant Biology. 3/1/80-3/2/80.
    15.   American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Miami, Florida. 5/13/80- 5/14/80.
    16.   Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Moveable Genetic Elements. 5/28/80-6/4/80.
    17.   Plant Molecular Biology Gordon Conference. 6/9/80-6/13/80.
    18.   National Science Foundation Conference, Lake Tahoe. 6/30/80-7/2/80.
    19.   4th International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation, Canberra, Australia. 12/1/80-12/5/80.
    20.   Worcester Polytechnic Institute Colloquium. 3/5/81-3/6/81.
    21.   American Chemical Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta. 4/2/81.
    22.   Battelle Conference on Genetic Engineering, Washington, D.C. 4/10/81.
    23.   Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Cloning Course. 7/16/81.
    24.   Bat Sheva Workshop on Nitrogen Fixation, Weizmann Institute, Rehovot, Israel.
            9/1/81-9/9/81.
    25.   Council for the Advancement of Science Writing, Columbus, Ohio. 11/10/81.
    26.   First Annual IGS Conference on Genetic Sciences. 11/22/81-11/25/81.
    27.   Nutrition Foundation, Naples, Florida. 1/20/82.
    28.   Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on In Vitro Mutagenesis. 5/12/82-5/16/82.
    29.   USDA Beltsville Symposium. 5/12/82-5/19/82.
    30.   Harvard Biotechnology Conference. 6/15/82.
    31.   NATO Summer School on Plant Molecular Biology, Italy, 8/30/82
    32.   First International Meeting on Plant-Bacterial Interactions. Bielefeld, West Germany.
            10/11/82-10/15/82. [Member of International Scientific Advisory Committee]
    33.   Miami Winter Symposium, January, 1983
    34.   UCLA/Keystone Conference 4/19/83
    35.   CSH Microbial Development Meeting, 5/11/83-5/15/83
    36.   Gordon Conference, Biological Regulatory Mechanisms, 7/1/83.
    37.   Co-organizer of the Second International Symposium on Plant Bacterial
            Interactions, Ithaca, NY June 4-8, 1984.
    38.   Gordon Conference, Plant Molecular Biology, 6/12/84
    39.   EMBO Workshop on the Molecular Basis of Rhizobium-plant Interactions, Naples, Italy,
            October 3-5, 1984.
    40.   International Workshop on the Applications of Genetic Engineering to Basic Biology
            and Agriculture, Lahore, Pakistan, October 22-25, 1984. [Session Chairman and Member of
            Organizing Committee]
    41.   50th Cold Spring Harbor Symposium: Molecular Biology of Development,
            May 29 - June 5, 1985.
    42.   Sixth International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation, Corvallis Oregon, August 5-9, 1985
            [Member of International Advisory Committee]
    43.   Genetics Society of America Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts,
            August 11-15, 1985 [Session Organizer and Chairman: Plant Molecular Genetics]
    44.   First International Congress of the International Society of Plant Molecular Biology,
            Savannah Georgia, October 27 - November 2, 1985.
    45.   Sixth Annual Recombinant DNA Congress, Baltimore, Maryland, January 26 - 29, 1986
            [Session Organizer and Chairman: Plant Molecular Genetics].
    46.   Hoechst Plant Molecular Biology Workshop, Grainau, West Germany,
            March 3 - 7, 1986 [Conference Organizer]
    47.   American Society of Microbiology Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., March 23 - 29, 1986
            [Symposium Organizer and Chairman: Molecular Genetics of Nitrogen Fixation].
    48.   Third International Symposium on Plant Microbe Interactions, Montreal, Canada,
            July 28-31, 1986 [Symposium Organizer and Session Chairman]
    49.   Third International Arabidopsis thaliana Workshop, Michigan State University, April 10-12, 1987
    50.   NATO International Scientific Exchange Programs: Plant Molecular Biology Workshop,
            Copenhagen, Denmark, June 10-20, 1987.
    51.   International Spores Conference, March 23-27, 1988, Woods Hole, MA.
    52.   Cell Surface Gordon Conference, July 3-8, 1988
    53.   International Society of Plant Molecular Biology, November 13-19, 1988,
            Jerusalem, Israel.
    54.   American Society of Microbiology, New Orleans, May 16, 1989. [Seminar Organizer]
    55.   Fourth Indiana Molecular Biology Symposium (The genetics and molecular biology of
            Arabidopsis thaliana
), Bloomington, IN, October 12-15, 1989.
    56.   Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Banbury Conference on Recognition in Plant- Bacterial
            Interactions, April 9-12, 1990
    57.   Fifth International Symposium on Plant Microbe Interactions, Interlaken, Switzerland,
            September 10-14, 1990.
    58.   UCLA Symposium, Keystone, CO, 1/10/91-1/17/91
    59.   Plant Molecular Biology Gordon Conference, 6/17/91-6/21/91.
    60.   Pennsylvania State University Summer Symposium, 7/24/91-7/26/91.
    61.   Cold Spring Harbor Conference on Molecular Biology of Signal Transduction in Plants,
            Co-organizer. 10/2/91-10/6/91.
    62.   Arabidopsis Pathogenesis Network (ARAPANET) Workshop, Cologne,
            West Germany, 11/20/91-11/23/91.
    63.   Symposium on the Molecular Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions. 5/8/92-5/9/92;
            Laval University, Quebec City.
    64.   International Symposium on Plant-Microbe Interactions, Seattle WA, 7/11/92-7/16/92.
    65.   FASEB Summer Research Conference on Plant Molecular Genetics, Copper Mountain, CO,
            8/9/92-8-14/92.
    66.   Arabidopsis Pathogenesis Network (ARAPANET) Workshop #2, Wye College,
            England, March 25-27, 1993.
    67.   Symposium on the Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Rutgers University,
            April 21-25, 1993.
    68.   CSH Banbury Conference on the Plant Genome. March 21, 1994.
    69.   American Society for Microbiology annual meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada, 5/26/94.
    70.   International Symposium on Plant-Microbe Interactions, Edinburgh Scotland,
            6/27/94-71/94.
    71.   National Academy of Sciences Colloquium on signalling in the plant defense response,
            Irvine CA, 9/15/94-9/17/94
    72.   Cold Spring Harbor Banbury Conference on the Plant Defense Response, 4/9/95-4/11/95.
    73.   1996 International Society of Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions Symposium, Knoxville,
            TN, 7/14/96-7/19/96. (Presented Keynote Lecture).
    74.   Plant Molecular Biology Gordon Conference, 5/21/96-5/26/96.
    75.   EMBO Meeting on the Plant Defense Response, Maraeta Italy, 5/17/97-5/20/97.
    76.   North East Plant Molecular Biology Association, 7/24/97. (Keynote lecture)
    77.   Gordon Conference on Bacterial Adherence, 8/7/97.
    78.   CSH Symposium on the Arabidopsis Genome, 12/11/97 - 12/14/97.
    79.   Armenise Foundation Symposium, 6/22-23/98, Chatham, MA.
    80.   Gordon Conference on Bacterial Pathogens and Toxin 07/12/98-07/17/98.